Archives for January 2014

Needs Analysis in Developing ESP and EAP Materials (Volume 3 – Issue 6)

Author: BAHAREH JOUYBAR

ABSTRACT

Language for specific purposes (LSP) is a movement seeking to serve the language needs of learners who need language in order to perform specific roles and who, therefore, need to acquire content and real-world skills by the medium of a second language rather than gain mastery over language for its own sake. English for specific purposes (ESP) programs are specifically developed for professional fields of study. A course in English for agriculture or business writing is considered an example of English for specific purposes.  EAP is identified as a term broadly applied to any course, module, or workshop where learners are taught to deal with academically related language and subject matter. He asserts that EAP is common at the advanced level of pre-academic programs as well as in other institutional settings.  Needs analysis procedures made their appearance in language planning and became widespread in language teaching. The type of needs analysis for EAP/ESP focuses on gathering detailed language used for academic and vocational or other specific language needs. However, it has been claimed that ESP takes a better care of students’ needs and extends beyond its traditional EAP base. This paper briefly discusses the development of English for academic and specific purposes and talks about the importance of inserting needs analysis before EAP/ESP materials are developed. ELT practitioners, teachers, and materials developers may benefit from the discussions of this paper.

Key words: English for academic purposes, English for academic purposes, needs analysis

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Samuel Beckett’s Dramatic World (Volume 3 – Issue 6)

Author: DR. ANIL DHAGE

ABSTRACT

Although Samuel Beckett shared a good deal with his contemporary dramatists, one of the factors which earned Beckett a unique position amongst new avant-garde dramatists was that he touched the very basic problems of human life, and looked at the existentialist predicament of man in a truly human and ethical manner. Beckett sought to express his profound and complex vision of man and his universe through the plays where he employs his own dramatic devices as he finds the existing forms terribly inadequate to bear the burden of his thought. Beckett chose to give expression to his vision through complex poetic images and symbols. In short, Beckett’s uniqueness lies in his unique dramatic world. His dramatic career undoubtedly marks an important and outstanding phase in the avant-garde movement of the theatre.

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Impact of Societal Factors and New Linguistic Theories on Paradigm Shifts in ELT: An Overview (Volume 3 – Issue 6)

Author: SATYAWAN POLIST

ABSTRACT

Language teaching in twentieth century has witnessed frequent change and innovation in language teaching paradigms. There has been a series of language teaching methods over the years, each being succeeded by a better one until we reach the present. Common to each method is the belief that the teaching practices it supports provide a more effective and theoretically sound basis for teaching than the methods that preceded it. A long term historical perspective of language teaching paradigms from the Grammar-Translation Method  to the Post Method approach shows that there is no such thing as ‘best method’. There is a link between paradigm shift in language teaching and change in scientific and societal scenario at a particular time and place. Different approaches to teaching English did not occur by chance, but in response to changing geopolitical circumstances and social attitude and values, as well as the shifts of fashion in linguistics.

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Unconventional Materials for Promoting Autonomous Learning (Volume 3 – Issue 6)

Author: JAYARON JOSE

ABSTRACT

Variety is the spice of life! The prescribed textbooks and other teaching materials are quite common to the learners. Handling of such conventional materials can be partially disinteresting and monotonous, too.  Such materials limit the users of their creative and critical thinking, restricting learner autonomy in the long-term learning process. Hence, teachers can use a lot of learner-friendly unconventional supplementary materials such as newspapers, tabloids, stories, jokes, riddles, realia, etc., for ELT (English Language Teaching). The writer attempts to highlight the significance of such materials in promoting learner’s autonomy and critical thinking through a variety of collaborative activities. The article contains an overview of selected unconventional ELT themes and classroom activities for readers to consider.

Keywords: Unconventional, autonomous, materials, activities

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Effects of Implicit Versus Explicit Vocabulary Instruction on Intermediate EFL Learners’ Vocabulary Knowledge (Volume 3 – Issue 6)

Authors: AMIR MARZBAN1, KIMIA KAMALIAN2

ABSTRACT

The purpose of the present study was to investigate whether implicit instruction of vocabulary is more effective than explicit instruction. Also, it was of interest to the researchers to find out, between the two different methods of explicit instruction of vocabulary, which method was more useful in learning the meaning of the intended vocabulary. To this purpose, thirty five Iranian EFL learners participated in the three treatment sessions implicit instruction, explicit instruction through giving marginal glossary and explicit instruction by checking words in dictionaries.The results  showed  that the difference among the mean scores of the three groups were statistically meaningful. The subjects with explicit instruction 1 and explicit instruction 2 performed better as compared with subjects who received implicit instruction. Between the two explicit methods of vocabulary instruction, checking words in the dictionary  led to better learning  of vocabulary as compared with giving marginal glossary. The results will be insightful for both teachers and material developers in designing appropriate materials and activities for teaching vocabulary.

Key words: Implicit instruction, explicit instruction, vocabulary knowledge

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