Archives for January 2016

‘Role of Sub-skill approach to Enhance Listening: A study in the University of Jaffna, Sri Lanka ESL Classrooms’ by Dr M Saravanapava Iyer

Abstract

Many language scholars claim that mastering listening skill is primary to acquire and learn other basic language skills: speaking, reading and writing. In order to teach and improve listening and understanding ability, there are various approaches available in the English as a Second Language (ESL) teaching field at present; among these, two approaches are most popularly adopted by the language teachers currently: (1) sub-skills and (2) extensive approaches. In most of the ESL teaching situations, sub-skills approach is implemented by the teachers for two important reasons: (1) this approach provides a clear guidance to the teacher what to teach in ESL classrooms and (2) learners also undoubtedly know what to learn during the learning process. In this study, I attempted to find out whether this approach was really beneficial to the Tamil medium ESL Faculty of Arts learners to improve their listening ability in the University of Jaffna, Sri Lanka. By employing qualitative method for a period of three months (one semester) I conducted an investigation and finally found that sub-skills approach is more appropriate in this situation. However, I never attempt to claim that other approaches are not beneficial to enhance listening comprehension ability. The main aim of this investigation is providing pedagogical suggestions for the ESL listening teachers by demonstrating how to implement skill-based approach successfully. It is very important to note that I never claim that skill based approach is the best one in the field; but after providing training by this approach learners can be trained by whole language approach or any other suitable one according to the context and learners’ ability.

Index Terms: ESL, sub-skill approach

Access full paper.

‘The Analysis of Impoliteness in Family Discourse: Verbal Interactions between Irreconcilable Iranian Couples’ by Mohsen Jannejad, Anahita Bordbar, Ali Bardidieh & Reza Banari

Abstract

This study attempted to analyze impoliteness in family discourse in verbal interactions between irreconcilablecouples in Ahvaz, Iran. Therefore, a corpus of 300 minutes of the couples’ conversations, which was provided by Family research center, was recorded, transcribed and analyzed. The couples were asked to put their controversial problems into discussion. The theoretical framework in this study was Impoliteness Model by Culpeper (1996) based on Brown & Levinson Politeness Strategies (1987). This study was a descriptive analytic one and data analysis was based on qualitative as well as quantitative factors. The results showed women insult themselves twice more compared to their husbands and insult their spouses 5 times more, while men’s insults were directed at their wives’ family 2.3 times more compared to the other way around. But on the whole, women used impoliteness twice as much as men did. It was hypothesized that men used impoliteness more than women did. But the findings revealed that out of 175 impoliteness examples, 93 cases were utilized by women and 82 ones by men. Finally, it is worth mentioning that the findings of this study were contrary to expectations in that they depicted that although women, in order to save their face, were normally more conservative in verbal communication in different contexts in society and thus appeared politer than men, they tended to be more impolite in family discourse. It indicated that women were less concerned about their face in family conversations in comparison with other contexts.

Index Terms: descriptive-analytic, family discourse, impoliteness model, politeness

Access full paper.