Archives for September 2016

‘The theme of the Marginalized in the play On a Muggy Night in Mumbai by Mahesh Dattani’ by Rahul Panchal

Abstract:

The prominent playwrights of Indian writing in English; Mahesh Dattani occupies a unique place for bringing out real life problems on the stage. Mostly Homosexuality is considered as a taboo in the Indian society and considered to be a major problem that threatens the fabric of our society. His play On a Muggy Night in Mumbai deals with the issue of Homosexuality. It  explores Dattani’s the theme of the homosexuals community as the marginalized from Indian society with a particular focus on two parallel themes in the play – the critique of heterosexuality, and the need to remain true to one’s sexual orientation. The social exclusion faced by these sexually marginalized communities gives rise to their identity crisis. The afflictions of these homosexuals often remain invisible to the public. Mahesh Dattani in his play On a Muggy Night in Mumbai projects a vivid picture of the lives of the homosexuals. The themes of taboo relationship and homosexuality are the central motives of the plays.

Index Terms: Marginalized, taboo relationship, Homosexuality, society.

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‘The Effect of the Bidialectism of Gilaki Intermediate Learners in Contrast to Monolinguals of Farsi Speakers in Learning Speaking Skill of English as a Foreign Language’ by Faridodin Rostami Shirkoohi, Behnam Behforouz

Abstract

Bilingualism and bi-dialectism are two near technical terms which may be used incorrectly. Bilingual is defined as having or using two languages especially as spoken with the fluency characteristic of a native speaker. The present research will attempt to examine the relation between knowing two languages and learning a third one. It will be found if those who use two languages, dialects or accents are much more successful during the process of learning a third language or not? 40 Iranian intermediate English as a Foreign Language Learners were selected to participate in this study. A standardized test, PET was conducted in order to ensure that the participants were homogeneous regarding their EFL proficiency. A pre-test was also administered on the writing ability of participants prior to the treatment. The text book which was covered in these classes was Interchange Intro, Third Edition by Cambridge University Press 2005. Classes held in 45 days and 17 sessions. Each session lasted for 1.5 hours. At the end of the course the speaking ability of the learners were tested. The finding of the study revealed that there is a significant difference between learners which speak Gilaki in addition to Farsi language (Group 1) with those of Group 2.

Index Terms: Bidialectism, Gilaki, EFL, Monolingual, Farsi Speaker.

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‘Using E-learning Techniques and Tools for Enhancing Main English Language Skills’ by Khaled Kordi Tamandani and Mehrnaz Jahanshahi

Abstract

English is one of the most widely spoken and recognizable languages. It has become a part of the cultural and social upbringing of many communities.  The use of E- learning techniques has become a new platform for learning different English Language skills such as reading, listening, writing, and speaking. These skills are the most important factors which lead to a better understanding of English language, vocabulary build up and accent reduction which in-turn effects the language of a person. Various E-learning techniques like online or offline dictionary software, Internet-based materials, and websites, YouTube and Podcast have played a crucial role in improving and learning English Language skills of non-native learners. This paper deals with the incorporation of these techniques for the effective use in acquiring, enhancing, and improving these main English language skills.

Keywords: E-Learning, Internet, MALL, English Language Skills, Dictionary, Computer, Software.

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‘Investigating the Concept of Politeness among the Students of Junior and Senior High Schools’ by Razzagh Kiyani & Mehdi Bagheri Hariry

Abstract

The purpose of the present study is to investigate the concept of politeness among the students in secondary schools, namely junior and senior high schools. The research method is descriptive and that of content analysis. For the purpose of the study 1000 students participated from both junior and senior high schools. In the first step a Discourse Completion Test (D.C.T) were distributed among the speakers of both groups. Then making use of Blum kulka measure (1989), the requests of both student groups were examined. The analysis and investigation of the findings of the DCT test suggest that in some cases the speakers of junior high school use more indirect approaches compared to their counterparts in senior high school and therefore are more polite. Besides, the study indicates that some of the following reported items are absent in the aforementioned measure: lack of response to a request, providing preparatory sentences, using polite addressed forms and taboo words.

Key Words: Politeness, Indirectness, Discourse Completion Test, Students.

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‘Improving Teaching through Action Research; Perceptions, Practices and Problems (3Ps): Voices from Secondary Level Teachers in an EFL Context’ by Janak Singh Negi

Abstract

Teachers are the major key to bring out improvement in the field of teaching and learning. Action research is the major tool to help teachers overcome their problems in the classroom and enhance their instructional practices. But, are the EFL teachers in the remote and resource poor areas conducting an action research? This study represents the voices from one of the similar areas of the Far Western part of Nepal and attempts to examine the perceptions, practices and problems (3ps) of conducting action research. The result showed that although teachers were familiar with the basic concept of the action research, they rarely practiced it due to various reasons.

Keywords: Action Research, Reflective Practice, EFL, Professional Development.

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