Archives for November 2016

‘Methods to Post Method: Need for Overhauling Teacher Education’ by Dr. Sanjiv Kumar Choudhary & Rajni Singh

Abstract

Attempts have been made to find a solution for bridging the gap between the actual and the expected outcomes of English language teaching at various levels. ELT experts over the time have tried to address this issue by prescribing and implementing new teaching approaches and methods because an effective English teaching was thought to be about using a method correctly by applying its prescribed principles and techniques. However at the end of 20th century Professor Kumaravadivelu’s concept of Post Method has initiated a fresh discussion on relevance of teaching approaches and methods. Today the discussion on Post Method teaching has gained enormous significance since both teachers as well as students are coming to the class everyday with lots of new experiences gained by using Information and Communication Technology (ICT).This paper tries to examine the existing teacher education programme in the light of current discussion on Post Method English language teaching and highlights the need for overhauling it so that it could address the challenges arising due to emergence and growth of ICT.

Index Terms: ELT, Post Method, ICT, teacher education programme, new challenges.

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‘Recent Developments in ESP and its challenges’ by Rashmi Rekha Borah

Abstract

Language-centered and learning-centered approaches to course design are the outcome of the final reason of origin of ESP, which believe in the principle that learning is totally determined by the learners. Teaching English language is a great profession nowadays. However, it does not always carry success stories. What the learners need to learn when they set out on the task of learning the English language? Is using technology which is the trend now in ELT would suffice the need of the students in a country like India. The teaching and learning process has been affected by the fast development in science, economy and technology (internet communications tools) and of course from increasing contact with the whole world. That is why the significance of English is growing, it is emerging to be the international language.  ESP has come up with lots of developments over the years recent being the technology enhanced learning. The focal point has been shifted from the teacher to the learner. In ESP online learning is seen as a complement and extension of classical forms of learning. However the paper revolves around the fact that not even the best online course can fully replace the personal contact with a teacher, or the human relationships that develop in a group. So, online learning can facilitate traditional learning but cannot replace or eliminate the teacher for the all-round development of the learner as far as enhancing the language skills of the learners are concerned.

Index Terms: ESP, English Language Teaching.

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‘Scopes and implications of Strategic Competence for improving oral skills of Bangladeshi English language learners’ by Md. Jahirul Islam & Ziaul Hasan

Abstract

A prevalent notion is voiced continually by the educators, guardians and ELT practitioner that despite having a substantial amount of formal education, instructions and practice in English, learners’ oral skills have not developed. While studying M.A in ELT, I came across to the terminology ‘Strategic Competence’ (SC) from the paper of Thurrell and Dorneyi and learnt about its efficacy in terms of promoting the fluency and conversational skills. Hence, this paper is a sort of feasibility study of the scopes and implications of SC in terms of improving the oral skills of Bangladeshi English Language Learners (BELLs) who seemed to be plagued by the lack of fluency and conversational skills. In this paper, at first, I will look at SC and its significance in the efficient oral communication then at the existing problems of the Bangladeshi Speaking skill teaching and learning programs and finally the potentials and implications of SC in terms of developing the oral skills of BELLs.

Index Terms: ELT Learners, English Language Teaching.

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‘On-The-Job Training Courses and EFL Teachers’ Reflection’ by Elham Babaee & Davood Mashhadi Heidar

Abstract

Considering the importance of teachers’ ability in thinking and solving classroom problems, the current study aimed at finding the effects of on-the-job training courses on teachers’ reflection. For this purpose, 20 teachers were selected and these subjects were randomly divided into two experimental and control groups. The researcher gave a pretest of reflection to both groups of teachers to obtain information on the teachers’ attitudes toward reflection and reflective teaching. Then the experimental group took part in in-service training program, but control group continued their job by existing method. When the OJT course was over, the posttest of reflection was administered among both experimental and control groups. Paired-sample t-Test and Independent sample t-Test between the scores of pretest and posttest were used to analyse and calculate the scores. The results of statistical analysis showed that there was a great progress in the reflection ability of those teachers who took part in teachers’ training course.

Index Terms: EFL Learners, On-the-job Training, Reflection, Teacher.

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