Archives for May 2017

‘The Use of Mnemonic Technique of Verbal-Pictorial Association in Re-trieval of Vocabulary Development among Iranian Introvert vs. Extrovert EFL Learners’ – Ahmad Yaghoubi, Amir Reza Nemat Tabrizi & Mohammad Naeimi

Abstract

The main purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of a mnemonic technique of verbal-pictorial association among Iranian introvert and extrovert EFL learners on vocabulary development with a focus on the retrieval of words. Accordingly, one hundred subjects were divided into two 50 students control and experimental groups. Two series of flash cards, as a treatment, one with mnemonic bizarre nature in flash cards as well as drawing common pictures on the board was given to the experimental group, but the control group was given just common flash cards. A post-test of 30 items for measuring retrieval was administered. The result indicated that the experimental introvert and extrovert groups significantly outperformed the control introvert and extrovert groups on the retrieval test. The experimental extrovert group also significantly outperformed the experimental introvert group on the retrieval test.

Index Terms: Extrovert, Introvert, Mnemonic, Retrieval.

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‘Developing Soft Skills among Indian Engineering Graduates: Problems and Solutions’ – Kavita Tyagi & Priti Vyas

Abstract

The world has changed over the last century, so has the world of work, where employers are highly concerned with the skills of young labour market entrants as they are facing difficulties in filling vacant positions. Their difficulty in finding the skilled candidates stems from two sources: Skills Shortage (lack of appropriately skilled graduates at a particular level of education and in the right field of study) and the Skills Mismatch (Adequate number of graduates with requisite education but lacking in appropriate job skills). The employment market is becoming more and more competitive as greater numbers of students are undertaking higher education courses and, therefore, Skills Shortage is no longer a problem. The main problem is the Skills Mismatch as the employers are looking for the professionals who have more to offer than simply a good degree. The major setback here is that plagued with problems like curriculum, lack of qualified faculty, poor quality of content, and not-so-effective examination system, technical institutions do not provide signaling value in the job market, for a disparity exists in the types of skills taught at colleges and those that are demanded in industry and the gap exists mainly because there is a lack of clear understanding regarding industry skills requirements. Therefore, it is critical to identify specific bottlenecks in skills demanded by employers, and to provide detailed information and practical suggestions to overcome the skills shortage. An attempt has also been made here to probe the causes of skills gap by understanding the industry’s workforce requirements and to provide an adequate and comprehensive coverage on the theoretical as well as practical domains in the field.

Index Terms: Skills Gap, Skills Mismatch, Bottlenecks, Skepticism, Industry Skills Requirement, Employment

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‘Teaching Protocols Effect on EAP Comprehension: Efficacy of Translation, Schema, and Strategy’ – Maryam Jebelli & Massoud Taj Al Dini

Abstract

Regarding teaching reading comprehension, there are different suggested protocols. Three of the commonest are named as translation, schematic knowledge, and the application of strategies. This study aims to investigate the efficacy of each protocol and propose the best one. Two hundred medicine student volunteers were called upon to participate in Oxford Placement Test. Then according to the test guideline, intermediate participants were distributed in three groups and all participated in pre-test. Ten treatment sessions (in total 45 hours) were conducted and then all took part in post-test. Regarding the post-test, between translation and schema, there is not any statistically significant difference, between translation and strategy, using reading strategies is more effective, and in the case of schema and strategy, both methods can be useful regarding medical texts. This study can be useful for pedagogical policy makers, curriculum and syllabus designers as well as materials developers, and language teachers.

Index Terms: Translation, Teaching Protocols, EAP, Reading Comprehension, Schema, Strategy.

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