‘An Analysis of the Thematic Structures in Persian and English Expository and Narrative Texts’ by Hashem Maleki


Systemic Functional Grammar, originally proposed by Halliday, has been used in many disciplines, such as Applied Linguistics, Sociolinguistics, Composition and Rhetoric. This theory of language description has yielded fruitful results and has been the basis of studies in interdisciplinary studies like (Critical) Discourse Analysis and Translation Studies, to name some. This theory is the basis of the present study, to find the ways in which the Theme and Rheme patterns may differ (if at all) in two genres of composition, Expository and Narrative texts in English and Persian. The thematic structure of different text genres vary systematically, since each genre calls for different ways to represent ideas. To put this into perspective, sample texts from the two genres written originally in English and Persian are selected, analyzed, and the similarities and/ or differences will be accounted for. The primary purpose of this study, then, is to find and describe, and at a higher level, to explain the reasons as to why the two languages use similar/ different thematic patterns. This study reveals that the different thematic structures associated with different text types (genre) in English narrative and expository texts are not, or, cannot be mapped on similar text types in Persian.

Key words: Thematic structure, Expository and Narrative texts, English and Persian

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