‘The Relationship between Iranian EFL Learners’ Language Proficiency and Pragmatic Competence’ by Bahman Hamidi & Mohammadreza Khodareza

Abstract

Many scholars put emphasis on the mutual effect of pragmatic competence and language proficiency in conducting a healthy communication such as Hoffman-Hicks (1999) that claimed linguistic proficiency is a prerequisite to pragmatic competence though it does not guarantee pragmatic competence. Also Thomas (1983) supported that a lower-level grammar leads to the misinterpretation of speech acts among L2 learners. This study aimed to find out the relationship between pragmatic competence of Iranian EFL learners and their language proficiency. To this purpose, sixty-five participants attended the study including 25 males and 40 females who had been homogenized through Oxford Placement Test. To measure learners’ pragmatic competence, Roever’s (2005) questionnaire was used. The Spearman Rank-Order correlation test was run to calculate the relationship between pragmatic competence and language proficiency. The result of the study showed that language proficiency plays a significant role in Iranian EFL learners’ pragmatic competence.

Key words: Iranian EFL learners, language proficiency, pragmatic competence.

Access full paper.

‘The Effect of Gender on Realization of Refusal of Suggestion in Formal and Informal Situations among Iranian EFL Learners’ by Fariba Hedayatnejad & Behzad Rahbar

Abstract

The knowledge of the speech acts of refusals has the crucial role in daily communication to save the interlocutor’s face and to be polite. This study aimed at investigating the gender differences in realization of the usage of refusal strategies of suggestion in formal and informal situations.  The participants consisted of 60 (30 females and 30 males) at intermediate level. The applied instrument in this study was Discourse Completion Test. Based on chi- square analysis, the realization of applied strategies of the refusal of suggestion depended on the different social distances. The frequency of realized and applied strategies in refusals was not statistically different between the female and male learners.

Key words: Gender; Formal and informal situation; Refusal strategies; Speech acts of refusals; Suggestion

Access full paper.

‘Phonological Contrastive Analysis of Consonant and Vowel Phonemes of R.P. and GIE with Special Focus on Gujarati Phonology’ by Paresh Joshi

Abstract

Present paper is an endeavor to investigate underlying differences in segmental phonology of Received Pronunciation (RP) and General Indian English (GIE) with special focus on Gujarati English Phonology (GEP). The analysis takes into consideration peculiar features of all the three phonologies i.e. RP, GIE and phonology of Gujarati English.

Although a contrastive analysis of RP and GIE brings out gross phonological peculiarities of all the Indian Speakers of English including Gujarati Speakers of English (GSE), the rationale for such a contrastive analysis is to arrive at gross segmental phonological features which are very peculiar to Gujarati Speakers of English (GSE) under the influence of Gujarati phonology with a view to devising pedagogical strategies to resolve pronunciation problems pertaining to segmental phonology there by enhancing the international intelligibility of GSE.

Key Words: Contrastive Analysis, Supra-Segmental Phonology, General Indian English (GIE), Gujarati English Phonology (GEP), Non-native speakers (NNS), Native Speakers, Guajarati Speakers of English, and Received Pronunciation (RP).

Access full paper.

‘The Impact of Using Different Forms of Pre-listening Activities on Iranian EFL Learners’ Listening Comprehension’ by Moslem Ehsanjou & Mohammadreza Khodareza

Abstract

Pre-listening activities are some introductory activities that familiarize students with the topic and activate their background knowledge on the content. The aim of this paper was to analyze how pre-listening activities (preview of questions & studying unfamiliar vocabularies) could be useful in developing listening comprehension and which one is more effective and helpful as pre-listening. The research was conducted on sixty Iranian EFL learners, in Aryanmehr Educational Association (Iran, Sari), who studied English courses for 3 years. Such students were exposed to listening training designed by researcher for one month. The results indicated that preview of questions as an pre-listening activity can be effective in teaching listening comprehension and studying unfamiliar vocabularies has no significant effect on improving learners’ listening comprehension. Therefore, the present study provides essential information for EFL teachers about the effectiveness of pre-listening and therefore, useful tips for successful teaching listening.

Key Words: Background knowledge, Bottom-up process, Schema, Top down process, Vocabulary pre-teaching.

Access full paper.

Volume 4 – Issue 6

  1. The Impact of Using Different Forms of Pre-listening Activities on Iranian EFL Learners’ Listening Comprehension
    Author/s: Moslem Ehsanjou & Mohammadreza Khodareza
    Abstract | Access Full Paper
  2. Phonological Contrastive Analysis of Consonant and Vowel Phonemes of R.P. and GIE with Special Focus on Gujarati Phonology
    Author/s: Paresh Joshi
    Abstract | Access Full Paper
  3. The Effect of Gender on Realization of Refusal of Suggestion in Formal and Informal Situations among Iranian EFL Learners
    Author/s: Fariba Hedayatnejad & Behzad Rahbar
    Abstract | Access Full Paper
  4. The Relationship between Iranian EFL Learners’ Language Proficiency and Pragmatic Competence
    Author/s: Bahman Hamidi & Mohammadreza Khodareza
    Abstract | Access Full Paper
  5. Translation of the Persian Lexical Collocational Patterns into English from a Comparative Phraseological View
    Author/s: Zeinab Danyari & Forouzan Dehbashi Sharif
    Abstract | Access Full Paper
  6. The relationship between Critical Thinking Ability and Reading Strategies Used by Iranian EFL Learners
    Author/s: Mansour Fahim & Zohreh Hoominian
    Abstract | Access Full Paper
  7. EFL Teacher Evaluation in the Eyes of EFL Students and Distinguished Observers: A Comparative Study
    Author/s: Saman Khaksefidi
    Abstract | Access Full Paper
  8. Literacy Skills of Tribal Students of Wayanad: Influence of Home Environment
    Author/s: Fr. Bennichan J& Dr. V.M. Subramanian
    Abstract | Access Full Paper
  9. Speech Act of Congratulation among Persian Speakers
    Author/s: Farid Ghaemi & Fatemeh Ebrahimi
    Abstract | Access Full Paper
  10. The Effect of Jigsaw Technique vs. Concept Map presentation Mode on Vocabulary Learning of Low- Intermediate EFL Learners
    Author/s: Elham Asghari Astane & Shaban Berimani
    Abstract | Access Full Paper
  11. A Cross-cultural Investigation of Compliments and Compliment Responses: Comparing Persian Speakers, EFL Learners and English Native Speakers
    Author/s: Rozana Shamsabadi & Abbas Eslami Rasekh
    Abstract | Access Full Paper
  12. Evaluating American English File Text Books Based on  Cunningsworth’s Criteria
    Author/s: Saeideh Shahriari & Amir Reza Nemat Tabrizi
    Abstract | Access Full Paper
  13. Developing Dictionary Skills among Primary Pre-service Teachers
    Author/s: Dr. Kirankumar I. Chauhan
    Abstract | Access Full Paper

‘Session Planning in (English Language) Teaching: A Paradigm Shift towards Three-tiered Integrated Pedagogy and Management of Teaching’ by Govind B. Dave

Abstract

Teaching, particularly, (English Language) Teaching has passed through a very critical period. Right from Policy decisions of incorporating English into various curricula to Pedagogical Issues and concerns; from various types of courses to methods of teaching; and from course content to session planning. Session Planning is considered to be an essential and important component of teaching practices. It not only makes the teaching – learning process more focused but also adds to the creativity of the teacher and the learner in the classroom. It helps the teacher decide approaches taking into consideration the requirements of the course and individual learners. Thus, in a way, it forms bedrock of effective teaching in the classroom. It helps the teacher manage his / her teaching and move ahead in the three-tiered pedagogy concerning planning, teaching and evaluation. The paper focuses upon the need and the importance of session planning with reference to Teaching in general and (English Language) Teaching in particular. It also shows how it gifts the curriculum and its pedagogy a move / shift in its paradigm from random teaching to more planned / managed and focused learner – centric teaching.

Keywords: Curriculum, Pedagogy, Management of Teaching, (English Language) Teaching, Teaching Methods, and Session Planning

Access full paper.

‘A Study of English Language Achievements in Reading Skill of Arts And Science College Students in Dindigul District with Special Reference to Residence of the Students’ by S. Naga Sujatha

Abstract

This study investigates an important area of English language teaching and learning. It examines the present situation of teaching reading skills of English, the problems students encounter during reading in English and the learners’ proficiency level of reading skills when they are at under graduate degree. The study discusses the recent developments in reading pedagogy. It also presents testing and evaluation of different sub-skills of reading with reference to geographic status. The empirical study includes students’ questionnaire survey, observation and administering reading tests.

Access full paper.

‘Phonemics and Second Language Learners: A longitudinal study in the context of Arab learners of English’ by Syed Sarwar Hussain

Abstract

This study examines the importance of phonemics in ascertaining and defining the distinctive aspect of language learning with special reference to the Arab Learners of English as a second language. It focuses, at the onset, on the pronunciation of words in shaping and molding ability and understanding in the learning of the target language. It also shows how pronunciation plays the pivotal role of articulating language and what is often termed as ‘language melody’. In this respect the study also underscores the phonemic mix-up of regional accent, immigrant accent and the native accent in the process of second language learning. It also shows how phonemics can play a positive and pivotal role, in building up and evolving language skills. My approach has been to understand and interpret my understanding of the importance of phonology, and the positive and creative resources of language as the most powerful vehicle for social harmony.  The natural or primary medium of human language is sound. In this respect, the study of sound is of more central importance to language learning than any other language skill, be it writing, reading or whatever. I have, therefore, tried to understand the acquisition of the sound system of the target language in the background of the social structure where it is taught.

Keywords: Phonetics, phonemics, language shifts, accents, sound patterns

Access full paper.

‘Activity Based Learning in the Government Degree Colleges of Telangana’ by Roopna Ravindran

Abstract

This paper discusses the possibility of activities that can be used in Communicative English Grammar Classrooms.  The research explores the benefits of such activity based classes for vernacular medium undergraduate students in Telangana (India). English Grammar remains to be an area difficult to tackle for this group of students.  The attention span of these students seems to be very less when it is a one to one lecture method delivered in English. Learning is encouraged through activities done in pair and group work can work wonders for these students.

The main objective of this study is to help undergraduate students learn communicative grammar through activity based learning. Activities can create curiosity in students and this slowly will lead to an interest towards learning Communicative English Grammar. Activities conducted in pairs and groups help students to shed their inhibitions. No single person is made to face the class directly. Peer review is practised and each and every opinion is taken well into consideration.

Activities to learn Tenses, Prepositions, Speech, and Voices etc. are discussed upon and an analysis of the feedback is also made.  Activities help students to reinforce the grammar techniques in their mind and also later relate them into real life situations. They make students interact with fellow classmates. So without literally imbibing the rules of grammar students are made to communicate in the activity based platform.

Keywords: Activity, Learning Methodology, Grammar, Pair, Group

Access full paper.

‘The Effect of Social Status on Complaint Strategies by Iranian EFL learners and English native speakers’ by Soudabeh Tabatabaei & Dr. M. Balakumar

Abstract

This study aims to investigate the type of complaint strategies employed by Iranian EFL learners and English native speakers in complaint interactions in different social status (higher, lower, equal). Thirty Iranian EFL learners and 30 English native speakers participated in the study. Discourse completion task (DCT) as an open-ended questionnaire was administered to them to elicit the required data. Then, the gathered data were analyzed according to modified taxonomy of complaint proposed by Murphy and Neu (1996) involving complaint, justification, criticism, explanation of purpose and ‎candidates’ solution: Demand / Request.  In addition, three other strategies were added to this taxonomy i.e. sarcasm, threat and apology. The results indicated that social status of interlocutor had a great influence on strategy choice by participants of two groups. There is a hope that this study can contribute to our understanding of complaint strategies and help language teachers make aware of the existing discrepancies between English native speakers and Iranian EFL learners in realization of complaint strategies.

Keywords: Speech act, complaint strategies, DCT, social status, English native speakers, Iranian EFL learners

Access full paper.