‘The Effect of Gender on Realization of Refusal of Suggestion in Formal and Informal Situations among Iranian EFL Learners’ by Fariba Hedayatnejad & Behzad Rahbar

Abstract

The knowledge of the speech acts of refusals has the crucial role in daily communication to save the interlocutor’s face and to be polite. This study aimed at investigating the gender differences in realization of the usage of refusal strategies of suggestion in formal and informal situations.  The participants consisted of 60 (30 females and 30 males) at intermediate level. The applied instrument in this study was Discourse Completion Test. Based on chi- square analysis, the realization of applied strategies of the refusal of suggestion depended on the different social distances. The frequency of realized and applied strategies in refusals was not statistically different between the female and male learners.

Key words: Gender; Formal and informal situation; Refusal strategies; Speech acts of refusals; Suggestion

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‘Phonological Contrastive Analysis of Consonant and Vowel Phonemes of R.P. and GIE with Special Focus on Gujarati Phonology’ by Paresh Joshi

Abstract

Present paper is an endeavor to investigate underlying differences in segmental phonology of Received Pronunciation (RP) and General Indian English (GIE) with special focus on Gujarati English Phonology (GEP). The analysis takes into consideration peculiar features of all the three phonologies i.e. RP, GIE and phonology of Gujarati English.

Although a contrastive analysis of RP and GIE brings out gross phonological peculiarities of all the Indian Speakers of English including Gujarati Speakers of English (GSE), the rationale for such a contrastive analysis is to arrive at gross segmental phonological features which are very peculiar to Gujarati Speakers of English (GSE) under the influence of Gujarati phonology with a view to devising pedagogical strategies to resolve pronunciation problems pertaining to segmental phonology there by enhancing the international intelligibility of GSE.

Key Words: Contrastive Analysis, Supra-Segmental Phonology, General Indian English (GIE), Gujarati English Phonology (GEP), Non-native speakers (NNS), Native Speakers, Guajarati Speakers of English, and Received Pronunciation (RP).

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‘The Impact of Using Different Forms of Pre-listening Activities on Iranian EFL Learners’ Listening Comprehension’ by Moslem Ehsanjou & Mohammadreza Khodareza

Abstract

Pre-listening activities are some introductory activities that familiarize students with the topic and activate their background knowledge on the content. The aim of this paper was to analyze how pre-listening activities (preview of questions & studying unfamiliar vocabularies) could be useful in developing listening comprehension and which one is more effective and helpful as pre-listening. The research was conducted on sixty Iranian EFL learners, in Aryanmehr Educational Association (Iran, Sari), who studied English courses for 3 years. Such students were exposed to listening training designed by researcher for one month. The results indicated that preview of questions as an pre-listening activity can be effective in teaching listening comprehension and studying unfamiliar vocabularies has no significant effect on improving learners’ listening comprehension. Therefore, the present study provides essential information for EFL teachers about the effectiveness of pre-listening and therefore, useful tips for successful teaching listening.

Key Words: Background knowledge, Bottom-up process, Schema, Top down process, Vocabulary pre-teaching.

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Volume 4 – Issue 6

  1. The Impact of Using Different Forms of Pre-listening Activities on Iranian EFL Learners’ Listening Comprehension
    Author/s: Moslem Ehsanjou & Mohammadreza Khodareza
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  2. Phonological Contrastive Analysis of Consonant and Vowel Phonemes of R.P. and GIE with Special Focus on Gujarati Phonology
    Author/s: Paresh Joshi
    Abstract | Access Full Paper
  3. The Effect of Gender on Realization of Refusal of Suggestion in Formal and Informal Situations among Iranian EFL Learners
    Author/s: Fariba Hedayatnejad & Behzad Rahbar
    Abstract | Access Full Paper
  4. The Relationship between Iranian EFL Learners’ Language Proficiency and Pragmatic Competence
    Author/s: Bahman Hamidi & Mohammadreza Khodareza
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  5. Translation of the Persian Lexical Collocational Patterns into English from a Comparative Phraseological View
    Author/s: Zeinab Danyari & Forouzan Dehbashi Sharif
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  6. The relationship between Critical Thinking Ability and Reading Strategies Used by Iranian EFL Learners
    Author/s: Mansour Fahim & Zohreh Hoominian
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  7. EFL Teacher Evaluation in the Eyes of EFL Students and Distinguished Observers: A Comparative Study
    Author/s: Saman Khaksefidi
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  8. Literacy Skills of Tribal Students of Wayanad: Influence of Home Environment
    Author/s: Fr. Bennichan J& Dr. V.M. Subramanian
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  9. Speech Act of Congratulation among Persian Speakers
    Author/s: Farid Ghaemi & Fatemeh Ebrahimi
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  10. The Effect of Jigsaw Technique vs. Concept Map presentation Mode on Vocabulary Learning of Low- Intermediate EFL Learners
    Author/s: Elham Asghari Astane & Shaban Berimani
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  11. A Cross-cultural Investigation of Compliments and Compliment Responses: Comparing Persian Speakers, EFL Learners and English Native Speakers
    Author/s: Rozana Shamsabadi & Abbas Eslami Rasekh
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  12. Evaluating American English File Text Books Based on  Cunningsworth’s Criteria
    Author/s: Saeideh Shahriari & Amir Reza Nemat Tabrizi
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  13. Developing Dictionary Skills among Primary Pre-service Teachers
    Author/s: Dr. Kirankumar I. Chauhan
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