‘Group Learning Role in Foreign Language Learning: Group Work vs. Individual Work’ by Farid Ghaemi, Seyed Moslem Hahsemizadeh, Fazlolah Samimi & Mojtaba Rahmanian

Abstract:

This study explored the effects of “group work” on the EFL students’ proficiency. The Participants of the study were 134 students at Farzane Language institute. Four different proficiency levels were chosen: 1) Beginner 2) Lower intermediate 3) Upper intermediate and 4) Advanced intermediate. They were randomly divided into control group and experimental. The experimental groups were asked to work with group work techniques and the control group to work individually. Two instruments were used to gather the required data: A 30-item proficiency test for each level and the line of SPECTRUM series. Analysis of the results revealed that those groups of proficiency worked with group work techniques gained better results and the end of the term. Results of the independent t-test showed significant difference between experimental and control groups. Group work as a powerful technique proved itself as one of the best strategies in an EFL environment.

Index Terms: Authenticity, grouping technique and group work, information gap, student-centered learning.

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