‘Relationship between Psychological Theories and Recent Trends in Language Teaching: Some Observations’ by Dr. B. Sushma

Abstract

As teachers of English, we often discover new methods and techniques of teaching to make our learners learn better. The role of the teacher has shifted from teaching to enabling learning. Learners learn under various conditions and their learning depends on various factors such as motivation, psychological conditions, family, peers and environment around them. Learners exhibit variations in their way of learning language.  As such the teachers need to understand the psychology of their learners to make them free in expressing their thoughts, ideas confidently in the class which in turn enables them to get sufficient exposure to the language and gain proficiency. This paper concentrates on psychology for language teachers which helps the teachers gain insights into the way learners learn so that they can help them acquire an interest for learning and become independent learners. It focuses majorly on the relationship between psychological theories of language learning propounded by Cognitive psychologists such as Jean Piaget, Jerome Bruner, Lev Vygotsky; Humanist Psychologists such as Eric Erikson, Abraham Maslow, Combs, Carl Rogers; and the methods involved in teaching language.

Index Terms: Cognitivism, Methods of Language Teaching, Language Proficiency, Psychology, Psychological theories.

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