‘Speech Act of Congratulation among Persian Speakers’ by Farid Ghaemi & Fatemeh Ebrahimi

Abstract

Speech act of congratulation refers to expression of joy in the success or good fortune. This type of speech act in contrast to other types like request, apology, complaint, etc. is not the focus of attention like the other types. Therefore, the present study sought to scrutinize congratulation response among Persian speakers. To do so, 5o participants (26 men and 24 women) took part in this study. They completed a DCT (Discourse Completion Test) that contained two sections. The results revealed that Iranian mostly used illocutionary force indicating device, expression of happiness, and best wishes. Moreover, there was not any difference between men and women in applying formal or informal codes when expressing congratulation response.

Index Terms: Congratulation, Persian speakers, Speech act

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