‘Using E-learning Techniques and Tools for Enhancing Main English Language Skills’ by Khaled Kordi Tamandani and Mehrnaz Jahanshahi

Abstract

English is one of the most widely spoken and recognizable languages. It has become a part of the cultural and social upbringing of many communities.  The use of E- learning techniques has become a new platform for learning different English Language skills such as reading, listening, writing, and speaking. These skills are the most important factors which lead to a better understanding of English language, vocabulary build up and accent reduction which in-turn effects the language of a person. Various E-learning techniques like online or offline dictionary software, Internet-based materials, and websites, YouTube and Podcast have played a crucial role in improving and learning English Language skills of non-native learners. This paper deals with the incorporation of these techniques for the effective use in acquiring, enhancing, and improving these main English language skills.

Keywords: E-Learning, Internet, MALL, English Language Skills, Dictionary, Computer, Software.

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‘Investigating the Concept of Politeness among the Students of Junior and Senior High Schools’ by Razzagh Kiyani & Mehdi Bagheri Hariry

Abstract

The purpose of the present study is to investigate the concept of politeness among the students in secondary schools, namely junior and senior high schools. The research method is descriptive and that of content analysis. For the purpose of the study 1000 students participated from both junior and senior high schools. In the first step a Discourse Completion Test (D.C.T) were distributed among the speakers of both groups. Then making use of Blum kulka measure (1989), the requests of both student groups were examined. The analysis and investigation of the findings of the DCT test suggest that in some cases the speakers of junior high school use more indirect approaches compared to their counterparts in senior high school and therefore are more polite. Besides, the study indicates that some of the following reported items are absent in the aforementioned measure: lack of response to a request, providing preparatory sentences, using polite addressed forms and taboo words.

Key Words: Politeness, Indirectness, Discourse Completion Test, Students.

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