‘Materials to Develop Microskills and Macroskills: Are There Any Principles?’ by Mohammad Reza Mozayan

Abstract

This paper introduces the concepts of microskills and macroskills mostly used in materials development and language teaching, the former being a set of subskills or enabling skills or part skills delineating skills at the sentence level and the latter designating skills at the discourse level comprising listening, speaking, reading and writing. The paper holds that this formulation is actually essential to determine in details the kind of things our learners need to learn and perform. However, pointing out that these skills cannot be pigeon-holed in a clear-cut atomistic way, it later attempts to address the principles mostly inspired from SLA as well as teaching and learning theories which are needed to be taken into consideration while developing materials. It, moreover, asserts that in the case of deficiencies in the curriculum, it is also the competent and qualified teachers who can often compensate for the materials they utilize in their teaching.

Index Terms: microskills, macroskills, principles, SLA theory.

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‘Processability Theory Revisited: A Critical Approach’ by Mohammad Reza Mozayan

Abstract

In order to revisit Processability, the theory which links psychology and linguistics in a very direct way to demonstrate what we know about languages, this paper primarily glances over the Achilles’ heel of the error analysis in delineating the developmental patterns in the language learners. It also refers to the second way in which samples of learner language are collected over a period of time so as to identify when specific linguistic features emerge; this is what the Processability theory (PT) does. By addressing the concepts such as property and transition theories as well as the developmental and logical problems of the learners, the paper then magnifies the central hypothesis of the theory holding that at any stage of development, learners can produce and comprehend only those L2 linguistic forms which their current state of mind can handle. Later, the criticisms leveled at the theory are put forth. And finally concluding remarks wrap up the issue.

Index Terms: acquisition, interlanguage, processability theory, property theories, transition theories

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