‘Developing Soft Skills among Indian Engineering Graduates: Problems and Solutions’ – Kavita Tyagi & Priti Vyas

Abstract

The world has changed over the last century, so has the world of work, where employers are highly concerned with the skills of young labour market entrants as they are facing difficulties in filling vacant positions. Their difficulty in finding the skilled candidates stems from two sources: Skills Shortage (lack of appropriately skilled graduates at a particular level of education and in the right field of study) and the Skills Mismatch (Adequate number of graduates with requisite education but lacking in appropriate job skills). The employment market is becoming more and more competitive as greater numbers of students are undertaking higher education courses and, therefore, Skills Shortage is no longer a problem. The main problem is the Skills Mismatch as the employers are looking for the professionals who have more to offer than simply a good degree. The major setback here is that plagued with problems like curriculum, lack of qualified faculty, poor quality of content, and not-so-effective examination system, technical institutions do not provide signaling value in the job market, for a disparity exists in the types of skills taught at colleges and those that are demanded in industry and the gap exists mainly because there is a lack of clear understanding regarding industry skills requirements. Therefore, it is critical to identify specific bottlenecks in skills demanded by employers, and to provide detailed information and practical suggestions to overcome the skills shortage. An attempt has also been made here to probe the causes of skills gap by understanding the industry’s workforce requirements and to provide an adequate and comprehensive coverage on the theoretical as well as practical domains in the field.

Index Terms: Skills Gap, Skills Mismatch, Bottlenecks, Skepticism, Industry Skills Requirement, Employment

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