‘The Relationship between Iranian EFL Learners’ Self-efficacy and Critical Thinking’ by Vahid Ahmadzadeh Barforoush & Ali Salimi Khorshidi


The primary purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between the self-efficacy and critical thinking of Iranian EFL learners. The secondary purpose of this study was to find out whether the two age groups, 15-18 and 19-22, differed in critical thinking. Three different instruments were used in this study; language proficiency test, self-efficacy questionnaire and critical thinking questionnaire. The study was conducted in two phases. In the first phase, eighty-five students learning English in Iran Mehr Language Institute were invited to take part in the study. Afterwards, sixty of them were chosen as the homogenized members and were given the self-efficacy questionnaire. And then a 30-item critical thinking questionnaire was given to the students. To fulfill the objectives of the study, some statistical techniques such as Pearson Product Moment Correlation and an independent samples t-test were conducted. Based on the results, there was a strong, positive correlation between students’ critical thinking and their self-efficacy, which was statistically significant (r = .991, p = .000). Therefore, the first null hypothesis was rejected in the first phase of the study. The results of the analyses related to the scores obtained from comprehension, analysis, and evaluation of the participants revealed that there was no statistically significant difference between the mean scores of the two age groups on critical thinking (t (58) = 1.65, p = .104˃0.05). Therefore, the second null hypothesis “there is no difference between the critical thinking of 15-18-year-old learners and 19-22-year-old learners” was accepted.

Index Terms: Critical thinking, Language achievement, Language proficiency, Self-efficacy.

Access full paper.