‘The Evolution of the Modern Classroom in the Context of ELT’ by Dr. G. Varalakshmi

Abstract

English has been taught as a second language or a foreign language and the teaching methods adopted faced drastic metamorphosis as per the need and use of English.  English Language Teaching (ELT) in the present context is the combination of academic study of language to understand the content and communication with practical training. The main aim of ELT is to prepare students to acquire English language skills, listening, speaking, reading and writing, to get prepared for a wide range of career opportunities with enhanced critical and analytical thinking. The slow transitional changes from traditional chalk and talk to modern connect and react methods radically changed the concept of teaching and each phase has its own significance and role to lead to the next step in modifying the teachers’ and learners’ participation. The human potential and resourcefulness of the teacher was considered as the criteria for effective classroom teaching, especially foreign language teaching till the 20th century. But this millennium with the expanded technological advances changed the face of classroom instruction. This research paper discusses the phases of change in learning English along with the changes in pedagogy and aims at showing the positive side of the integration of pedagogy and technology towards the evolution of modern classroom in the context of ELT.

Index Terms: academic study, communication with practical training, expanded technological advances, integration of pedagogy and technology, evolution of modern classroom.

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