‘The Use of Mnemonic Technique of Verbal-Pictorial Association in Re-trieval of Vocabulary Development among Iranian Introvert vs. Extrovert EFL Learners’ – Ahmad Yaghoubi, Amir Reza Nemat Tabrizi & Mohammad Naeimi


The main purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of a mnemonic technique of verbal-pictorial association among Iranian introvert and extrovert EFL learners on vocabulary development with a focus on the retrieval of words. Accordingly, one hundred subjects were divided into two 50 students control and experimental groups. Two series of flash cards, as a treatment, one with mnemonic bizarre nature in flash cards as well as drawing common pictures on the board was given to the experimental group, but the control group was given just common flash cards. A post-test of 30 items for measuring retrieval was administered. The result indicated that the experimental introvert and extrovert groups significantly outperformed the control introvert and extrovert groups on the retrieval test. The experimental extrovert group also significantly outperformed the experimental introvert group on the retrieval test.

Index Terms: Extrovert, Introvert, Mnemonic, Retrieval.

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